What is the difference in signal strength between 5G and 4G LTE?

The signal strength of 5G and 4G LTE can vary depending on several factors, including the frequency band used, distance from the cell tower, obstructions, and environmental conditions. However, there are a few general differences between the two technologies:

  1. Frequency bands: 5G utilizes a wider range of frequency bands, including higher-frequency millimeter waves (mmWave) and lower-frequency bands. mmWave provides higher data speeds but has shorter range and is more susceptible to obstructions like buildings or trees. Lower-frequency bands used in 5G, such as sub-6 GHz, offer better coverage and penetration through obstacles.
  2. Coverage area: 4G LTE generally has wider coverage compared to 5G, especially in rural or less densely populated areas. This is because 4G LTE networks have been deployed over a longer period of time and cover a larger geographical area. 5G networks are being rolled out gradually and initially focus on urban areas or high-traffic locations.
  3. Penetration and indoor coverage: In general, lower-frequency bands used by 4G LTE can penetrate buildings and obstructions more effectively than higher-frequency bands used by some 5G deployments. As a result, 4G LTE may provide better indoor coverage in certain situations.
  4. Network density: 5G is designed to support a higher number of connected devices per unit area compared to 4G LTE. This increased network density can lead to better signal strength and performance in crowded areas or locations with a high concentration of devices.

It's important to note that both 5G and 4G LTE networks are continuously evolving, and their signal strength and coverage characteristics may vary depending on the specific deployment and network infrastructure in a given area. Factors such as network upgrades, additional cell towers, and improvements in antenna technology can also impact the signal strength of both technologies.